The risks of access while signed out.
The short answer is yes, absolutely. I think you’re right to be concerned.
I also think there’s an important lesson here for everyone.
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If your computer is not physically secure, it’s not secure. If that’s of concern:
- Keep the machine physically locked when not in use.
- Consider adding a BIOS password.
- Consider adding a hard-disk password or using whole-disk encryption.
- Regardless, encrypt your sensitive data.
I want to be sure everyone is aware of one rule of thumb. In fact, if you remember only one thing from this article, let it be this:
If your computer is not physically secure, it’s not secure.
If someone can access your computer physically, your computer is not secure.
“What about passwords?” I hear you asking.
Password locks only go so far
You indicated that the computers are “…usually password locked.” I’m assuming by “password locked” you mean either you are not logged in to the machine or a password-protected screen saver is running.
First, usually? If you’re away from the machine for any length of time while you are logged in, the door is wide open. Anyone can walk up to your computer and do whatever they want, including downloading spyware or doing much worse.
However, things are worse than you might imagine. Even when your computer is “locked” using a Windows login or screen-saver password, it’s still very vulnerable.
Think about it. Anyone walking by your machine with a boot disc or bootable USB drive could reboot the machine (by pulling the plug, if necessary), boot from their disc, and get access to everything on your machine.
Then, just as if you’d left it unlocked in the first place, that person can do anything, including installing spyware, reading your data, messing up your files, and doing whatever else they want.
In a more destructive scenario, someone could remove the hard drive or even steal the entire machine. That would be obvious to you, but if you had something you thought was safe and secure on that hard disk, it could easily end up in the hands of thieves.
In recent years, we’ve heard of hardware-based security threats — for example, so-called “USB killers” designed to damage any computer into which they’re inserted. Anything that can be connected to your computer represents yet another layer of risk.
Staying physically secure
If scenarios like this concern you, these are steps I would consider taking:
- Keep the machine in a locked cabinet or room when not in use.
- Consider adding a BIOS password required to boot the machine in any way. (This adds security but does not prevent hard-disk theft.)
- Consider adding a hard-disk password or using whole-disk encryption restricting access to the hard drive completely unless the passphrase is specified.
- Use encryption of some sort on your sensitive data.
In your case specifically, I’d get more trustworthy roommates.