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What’s the Easiest Way to Upgrade an Older Machine?

What’s the easiest way (other than buying a new machine) to upgrade my 10-year-old computer?

Unfortunately, there’s no blanket answer I can give to you. It depends on what you’re trying to do with this machine, and how it isn’t meeting your needs today.

If you’re considering an upgrade, it’s obvious there is something about this machine you don’t like. You either want to improve it or do something with it now that you can’t do currently.

Let me throw out a few ideas.

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Start with RAM

When I have an old machine and I want to extend its life, I start by maximizing the amount of RAM installed on that machine. How much RAM you can actually put in a machine will depend on the specific machine. More specifically, it depends on the motherboard in the machine; each has a limit as to how much RAM that can be installed.

When machines are purchased or sold new, they’re frequently not fully populated. Your machine may have a capacity of 4 GB of RAM, but may have only come with 512 MB. That’s very common, particularly in older machines that were built when RAM was fairly expensive.

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Examine the machine, or look up the machine’s capacity for RAM, and then max it out. Put as much RAM in there as you possibly can. That’s perhaps the single most important thing that you can do to almost any machine to speed it up and give it a longer life.

Upgrade the hard drive

At that same time, I would see if it’s worth upgrading the hard drive. If you’re facing capacity issues, getting a larger hard drive makes a lot of sense. You can transfer what you have on your existing hard drive to the new one using several different methods. Typically, I recommend using backup software to take an image of the old hard drive and then restore it to the new.

The bottom line is that you can simply swap out that hard drive to end up with a machine that has a larger hard drive than it had before.

Slow as a snail If space isn’t a consideration, but perhaps speed is, consider looking at a Solid State Drive. They tend to be a bit pricier, but it’s worth looking into because it can speed up an older machine appreciably. The capacities aren’t as great as some of the regular hard drive options are, but they’re getting there. And for an older machine, there’s usually an SSD out there that will have enough room to run that machine for quite some time.

Improve the visuals with a new monitor or video card

While I’m at it, you can always get a bigger monitor. If this is a desktop machine, then throwing a bigger monitor on it and potentially a different video card (I’ll talk about that in a second) are ways you can get immediate, and sometimes dramatic, visual improvement on your machine. If you end up replacing the machine at some point, you don’t have to replace the monitor. You can just replace the machine and keep your new, larger monitor.

The only drawback to upgrading your monitor is that your machine may not be capable of producing the highest resolution the monitor supports. You can still use the monitor, but it may just not look as sharp or bright as it would if you were using its native resolution.

The solution to that is to see if your machine can take a video card upgrade. If it can, that’s an upgrade that might be worth considering. Again, I say “might”, because there’s always a price issue here. Video cards have a wide-ranging price point, from simple and cheap to high-end gaming video cards (that I suspect you won’t need on a machine like this) that could run you several hundreds of dollars.

Again, those are the choices you would have to make, but you first have to understand what kind of cards could be added to your machine, and then what’s available for that.

Old versus new machines

Now that I’ve outlined a few different things you can do to upgrade your machine, the decision lies with you. I hesitate to call these options “easy”, because they all require you to either work, research, or purchase components that you then need to install or add to the machine.

Honestly, the easiest way to do this is to get a new machine. There’s very little involved, other than transferring your data. Depending on your budget and what your goals are for doing this, there are many different options.

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12 comments on “What’s the Easiest Way to Upgrade an Older Machine?”

  1. Just another thought. Before spending any money on an old computer it’s worth checking the “Passmark Score” of the CPU ( If the old box doesn’t score at least a 500 it’s not worth spending money on UNLESS you can upgrade the processor easily or cheaply. You can find used but functional processors on ebay from a few bucks. It’s a more complex upgrade, but the instructions can be found online along with “how to” videos on youtube.

  2. FWIW, not long ago I doubled the RAM in my 6YO HP Pavilion a1540n from 2M to 4M. Nice boost, not big but noticeable. Since then however, strange things have begun happening – and I’m not blaming it on the memory upgrade.

    First, the cursor started doing crazy things when playing ordinary games like solitare, Bejeweled, etc. It would suddenly fly off the display in an unpredictable direction.
    Second, usually about the same time around 7am, the hard drive light would illuminate continuously ‘on’, the mouse and keyboard would be unresponsive, and I would have to shut down with the power button and restart to regain control.
    Finally, the video presentation became indistinct, weak colors, text characters alternating between black, red, green.

    I spent days on another pc searching the web for clues, installing drivers, adjusting video settings, etc, all to no avail. I even purchased a graphics card compatible with the machine, but could never get the system to use it even though Windows 7 said it (and everything else) was working correctly.

    Finally through in the towel and ordered a new desktop upper-low-end gaming pc that I hope will be upgradeable in future years so that I can just install new components occasionally without having to buy another new one.

  3. I agree increasing the RAM is probably the best thing you can do to upgrade a computer, but depending on the age and RAM type of the machine, be prepared for sticker-shock. While RAM for the current generation of motherboards is pretty reasonably priced, going back a generation or two can be eye-opening. Sometime maxing out the RAM on an older PC can be more than half the cost of a new PC.
    I’ve found a good site for finding out what kind and how much RAM a computer or motherboard will support.

  4. I think in most cases, upgrading a computer older than 8 years old is probably not the best bang for your buck. For example, you can upgrade the RAM for somewhere around $40-50. A new hard drive for $50 or more and a graphics card from $40 (if you can even get one that can go into your computer.) So you might invest $100-150 to upgrade, but you’ll still have an old slow computer which will probably only be able to run XP (or of course, a small Linux distro) which will soon be unsupported, leaving your computer susceptible to malware. I’d prefer to invest in a lower end computer available for somewhere in the vicinity of $250, which will be brand new, much faster and running the latest version of Windows.

  5. Hello all.

    I have been upgrading/building computers for 15 years or so. I do it more as a hobby than to save money or have the latest/greatest hardware. My policy is to do step upgrades, usually one component at a time. My current system started with a motherboard/CPU/RAM combo about 5 years ago. Since then, I have upgraded the power supply, the RAM, and the CPU twice. I started with a dual-core AMD CPU, then a quad-core, and now have a hex-core AMD CPU. I am not a gamer, so I don’t care about the video card. In fact, I’m actually using the onboard video graphics chipset to drive a 22 inch LCD display. This way, I can keep the cost down to around $100 or less per upgrade, and troubleshoot any issues that might arise from the single upgrade. My home-built system is in a large tower case with 6 hard drives, including one SSD, 2 optical drives, and a combo floppy with SD card reader (which I don’t use any more). I usually add another hard drive when I run out of storage space, and keep the older drives around as spares. My total storage capacity is around 4 TB, not including external hard drives used for backup. So, while upgrading an older system all at once is not going to save money, you can upgrade one or two components at a time, and end up with a much better computer than you started with.


  6. I am not a tech head, but when my Dell desktop started showing its age, my solution was to take everything of value from My Documents and transfer it to my newer laptop via an external drive – still running XP.

    Then to replace Windows XP with Linux Ubuntu – which works like a charm. A little bit of work setting it up, but I really am a novice at this stuff.

    Now I have a machine which I can turn on, update my programs, send an email, and turn off again while the laptop is still booting up.

  7. Hi Leo
    Have not been around your excellent forum for 6 months. Reason movin house etc. But mention of older comps spurred me to enter something here. My old laptop still runnin with Vista and still the fastest I have seen to date. I usually play around with approx one other comp per week including Win 8 and even Mac’s. Remember ya did not believe this in the past. As regards older comps I believe best thing to do when they start to go wrong is to get a new one. Fiddling around, as I sometimes have to do with other comps to get them to work is not really productive, even though most of them can be made somewhat better. As to my own Vista machine I sometimes hope it will explode !..Instead so far at least if anything it seems to get faster. Have my own method of course but mostly against mainstream thinkin !!!!!!!!!!!
    PS Congrats on your new site setup..Like it !!

  8. Just read what I posted and thought that it may have been insensitive to use the word “Explode”…A better word would have been disintegrate….Reason is for me to move on to a newer system…Would really love to get a Mac..Think they really cool !!!

  9. I’ve been using XP Pro for many years. It has served me well. Now it’s time to move up a step and Win 7 Pro is the plan. I’m going to chunk the ASRock mobo and go with an Intel BOXDZ68BC, 16GB of either Crucial or Corsair memory and probably the Intel Core i5-3330 Ivy Bridge 3.0GHz CPU and say bye bye to my old faithful Intel Pentium D 2.8. Video card??? Uhhh…don’t know yet. I have a PC Power & Cooling power supply still in the box I bought several years ago in case my 600w Aspire PS croked, but it refuses to die.

  10. I just needed a PC to run Spotify outside and in my garage. My old HP laptop was barely alive with Vista. Swept it clean and installed Ubuntu, manually downloaded Spotify and voila. Who knows how long it’s got, but so far so good.

  11. As Richard and David noted, the best upgrade to an old PC is free – Backup your data files and install Linux. They used Ubuntu, but for most people moving from Windows either Linux Mint or PCLinuxOS are probably easier to use. Both will speed up an old PC significantly, as Linux is dramatically more efficient than Windows.

  12. I forgot about maximizing the RAM. I used to do that years ago on older pc’s but never thought about it on this one. Thanks for the great tips.


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