VI is an incredibly powerful – and old – text editing program that dates
from the original development of Unix, the precursor to many of our current
I use VI or its graphical version, gVim, on every computer system that I own
or maintain – it’s truly ubiquitous and comes pre-installed on almost all
systems (except for Windows where it’s a free download).
It’s not for everyone – I did say it’s geeky – but as I also said, it’s
incredibly powerful and available just about anywhere. And it beats the pants
off of Notepad.
Next up, I’m going to talk about VIM. I do this with a little bit of trepidation only because when it comes to text editing programs, people (some people) are almost religious about what is and is not an appropriate text editor.
I use VIM a lot; it’s not what I edit my HTML pages in, but it is pretty much what I edit everything else in. The reason I use VIM is that it’s available on every platform I can find. Every platform that I care about. VIM is VI improved. VI is a visual text editor that was available originally on Unix. And it’s been ported just about everywhere. So when I go from machine to machine, I have a version available for Windows which I’ll be showing you here. When I go to my servers, there’s a version available for Linux. In fact, it comes pre-installed; VI comes pre-installed on almost every Linux distribution. It’s available on Mac; if you’ve ever gone into the terminal Window on a Mac, you’ll recognize that the guts of OSX are based on BSD, which is a Unix derivative and sure enough, you will find the VI text editor there.
So by knowing one text editor (that being VI) and having it available everywhere, I can use the same interface, the same commands, the same text editing commands that I might want to on any machine that I might care to play with.
So what does VI look like? Well, this is GVIM, which is the graphical version of VIM. It is originally (to continue with the history a little bit) VI was created in the days of Unix when there was no real thing as a graphical user interface. Everything was character mode. Think of MS-DOS as an example of character mode where they’re actually is no opportunity to display images or pictures; everything was characters.
VI Improved or VIM was simply a version of that; that includes some more functionality that’s extremely powerful. GVIM then is the graphical version of VIM, which basically puts together VI with the beginnings of a graphical user interface. And I shouldn’t really say the ‘beginnings of it’; it is VI with graphics. So you can, now with regular file opener (I’m going to go ahead and open one of the files I opened earlier so you can see the difference -my AutoHotKey macro file).
As you can imagine, standard text selection with a mouse works. You can of course, cut, copy, paste, etc. You can change how things get selected; if you want to select by word sentence or paragraphs. ‘Blockwise’ which I’ve just noticed for the first time; it’s actually an interesting one because it allows you to select a columnar format so if I select to there and I change that selection to Blockwise, what it’s done is selected the rectangle or the block that begins and ends where I’ve selected. And it reverts to regular selection when you select again.
VIM’s keyboard sequence…so you can see everything in a normal operations on a menu here. You can play with files; you can cut, copy, paste; you can do basic things that you would do in any normal text editor.
The place where VI, VIM and GVIM tend to be a bit of an issue for the casual user is that the command sequence is the keyboard-based sequence tends to be very arcane. For those of us who have been using it for years and use it across multiple platforms, it’s fine because it’s the command set we know and use everywhere, but for someone just coming into text editing, it may not always be appropriate. You can get a taste for it here with some of these keystroke sequences that give you a flavor of what the equivalent is say of cut if you were to use just the keystrokes, paste and so forth. That’s not to say that the Ctrl and insert and delete don’t work…they do, but the VIM equivalent keystrokes are listed here. VIM does include a very extensive help file but in classic VIM style, it includes it as a separate text file that is displayed in a separate window within VIM. So you can scroll through it; you can double-click on things to maneuver around the help file and so on, but it’s all there and it’s all very, surprisingly actually, complete. And here you’ll see me use one of the more obscure keystrokes to close that window without actually making any changes to the text file.
So that in a nutshell, I don’t want to get to deep in VIM because I know it’s not for everybody, but I at least wanted to expose people to it and give you this sense that for people that are editing lots of texts on lots of different platforms, VIM is a very useful and a very powerful alternative that is present almost everywhere. The only place you actually have to install it on is Windows and there it’s a very simple download for the platform like any other.
VIM is free; it is donation-ware. They’ve been helping the children in Uganda for a long time. So that I will throw out as a recommendation for the techie types in the crowd.