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How do I back up to a memory stick?

I’m starting to backup files and photos with a Lexar 64 G memory stick.
There are no instructions with this stick and I’m the type of person who needs
step-by-step instructions. Can you help?

In this excerpt from
Answercast #48
, I look at some issues around using a memory stick as a
backup media and point to step-by-step instructions.

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Backup to a memory stick

I have two pieces of advice for you.

  • One is: don’t use a memory stick!

You can, but I don’t recommend it for ongoing backups.

Limits of flash memory

The problem is that memory sticks use flash memory and flash memory has a
limited number of times you can write to it before it actually wears out.

Now typically, that’s not usually a huge problem, especially if you’re doing
backups periodically, but it’s just something that makes me really
uncomfortable because backups are so incredibly important.

Backup to an external drive

What I recommend you do instead is actually go out and get yourself an
external hard drive. They are not terribly expensive and you end up with half a
terabyte (or more even) for not that much money.

Backup drive size

That’s the other part of this: 64 GB, while it sounds like a lot of room, is actually (once you start doing backups) not a whole lot.

If you’re just backing up files manually, it might be okay. But if you’re
using backup software (which is what I’m going to recommend next), then it
starts to be on the leading edge of not enough space to backup your system the way you really should be backing up your system.

So, how do you do it?

How to backup

Well, a memory stick or an external drive (we treat them both the same
way) is just a disk:

  • It’s going to appear on your system as another drive.

So, what you need to do is either of two things.

1) Copy files…

You simply copy files from your hard disk to the memory stick like you would
copy it anywhere else.

  • By making a copy, you are effectively backing up those files.

That’s very simplistic. It’s also very error prone because:

  1. It relies on you remembering to backup your files;

  2. It backs up only those files that you remember to backup;

  3. And it only backs up when you do it.

It’s one of those things that’s very easy to forget and it’s also very easy
not to backup all of the files you really intended to.

2) Invest in a backup program…

What I strongly recommend people do, whenever it comes to backup, is to
invest in a backup program:

That is a program you will run on your machine and you will configure it to
perform periodic backups.

You’ll say:

  • You know what? Backup the C drive to this other location once a day (or
    something like that);

  • Or do incremental backups so that you’re not backing up the
    entire thing everyday, but only those things that have changed since the
    previous day.

Using a backup program

Now, I can could go on in a lot of detail about backing up because it is an
important topic:

  • I do have a bunch of articles on how to backup on my site.

  • I also have a book

Maintaining Windows
7: Backing Up
is a book that I wrote that specifically goes through the
process step-by-step of backing up your machine using Macrium Reflect and/or
Windows own built in back up with Windows 7.

There’s lots of resources on the site.

Recommendations

  • I really want to point you at the backup
    articles
    I have on the site.

  • I kind-of want to wave you away from using the flash disk, the memory
    stick.

You can! Don’t get me wrong, you can. Just realize that, in my opinion, it’s
probably not sufficient and it might even be a little risky.

  • I recommend instead you get an external hard drive and use some backup
    software.

Currently, I’m recommending Macrium Reflect as the best way to go about doing that.

Step-by-step instructions

If you’re so inclined, grab a copy of Maintaining Windows 7: Backing Up.

It literally walks you through these things. Once you register the
book online, you also get access to a bunch of videos that will show you how to
do this step-by-step using Macrium Reflect and Windows own internal
backup.

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6 comments on “How do I back up to a memory stick?”

  1. I continue to read many articles on Backup approaches. Yet, I must be slow because it is still very confusing. I saw your Flash Drive article and hoped “here it is finally, easy quick simple Backup” But you don’t recommend it. Instructions were to just go to what you want to back up and copy. Well I want to copy something and save it to Flash Drive so when I lose my Hardrive I just play the flash drive into the new hard drive and I’m backed up. Is this possible? I have not seen that kind of talk or an instruction like: Go to file such n such, Right click – Copy – send it to Flash Drive. Now put your Flash drive in your safe until the Hard drive dies. You won’t have to re-purchase Microsoft Office or Windows XP and you’ll be quickly back on line. Did I miss something? Is that data wrapped in your articles and I am slow?
    Thank you and Bless you for your patience and help.
    Sincerely,
    Pete
    P.S. I can afford an 8GB Flash but not a 64 GB HD and it is technically easier.

    Reply
  2. @Pete
    You can back your data up to a thumb drive and it might work when you need it, but if you want to back up your programs, nothing short of a full system backup will work. Otherwise you’d have to have the installation disks for those programs in order to reinstall them.

    Reply
  3. check out the one at walmart, about $20 buys the stick, has almost infinity of storage, i leave mine in all the time so that when i shut down the stick has a full copy of all of mine ,,,, anyway,,,, has so much storage i think you could use it on a mainframe and never occupy all of it???? ,,,,,
    i guess it will wear out in time but i dont know how to know it is worn out, if i did know i would then buy another and start with a fresh one etc, as above…… altho walmart is not great for
    on-shelf stuff for p.c. it does have some kiddie gadgets at the cheap, so i walk the isles and look and drool…. hope this helps, i do not disagree with Leo, he is the genius, i merely say what i did before Leo (“B.L.”) in case Leo has some other cheapos on his site that would be better with walmart cheapie, above, than naught….

    Reply

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