I connect to the www through a hosting company (www provider) through my
router; I have a fixed IP address. Question how does this hosting company
connect to the www and why can’t we mortals do that directly from home IP to
Well, you can, if your wallet is big enough.
But the real problem here is that there’s a misunderstanding of just what
the internet is. For example, “www”, or World Wide Web, is just a part of the
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This starts to sound kind of Zen, but the internet is everything, and the
internet is nothing.
There is no single thing I can point to and say “this, this thing right here
that your ISP connects to, that is the internet”. It just doesn’t work
If we look at it differently, your ISP is the internet. When you
connect to your service provider, you are connecting to the internet right
Think about it — if you send email to a friend of yours that uses the same
service provider that you do, that email goes from your machine to the service
provider to your friends machine. It never had to go anywhere else that your
service provider might be connected to, and still, it did go over the
internet – your service provider’s little corner of the internet.
The internet isn’t really a thing that ISPs hook up to. It’s more like a
side effect of the fact that all the ISPs are connecting to each other in
various and fairly random ways.
Now, in the case of a small ISP, they may get their connectivity to the rest
of the internet by purchasing a connection from a larger ISP. Typically it’s an
extremely high speed or high bandwidth connection. A good ISP will connect to
the rest of the internet using more than one such connection, from more than
one provider, to balance the load, and provide fault tolerance should one of
the connections drop.
It’s more like a side effect of the fact that all the ISPs are connecting to
each other in various and fairly random ways.”
Larger ISPs, such as AOL, earthlink and others may not have a need to
connect to an upstream ISP, since that’s already them. Instead, the larger
ISP’s negotiate connectivity between themselves. This allows you, through your
little ISP to get connectivity to everyone that your ISP, and your ISP’s ISP,
(and perhaps your ISP’s ISP’s ISP, and so on) can connect to.
The point is simply that there’s no central point.
One of the reasons the word “web” is so appropriate in World Wide Web is
because that’s a much more accurate picture of how things interconnect. Between
any two points on a spider web, there are hundreds if not thousands of ways to
get from point A to point B. The internet works (roughly) the same way.
So, could you connect directly to whomever your ISP connects to? Probably.
In fact, that’s what many large corporations do … they skip the low level
ISPs completely and purchase bandwidth in bulk from larger service providers.
You could do that to, provided you were willing to spend the money to do so,
and have the technical ability to set up your side of the connectivity. It’s
rare that the upstream network providers are set up to also deal with single
user / home / small business connectivity.