When I open my computer during the last weeks, I find the message saying it
is checking the file system. I do not know why. Please tell me the reason and
how I treat it.
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Checking file system
What “checking the file system” means is that when Windows was shut down,
something happened to the hard disk that left it in an incompletely finished
state. It’s often referred to as being “dirty.” In other words, it wasn’t
cleaned before Windows was shut down.
After that happens, when Windows boots, it looks at the hard disk and it says,
“Oh, this disk wasn’t closed properly. Let me clean it up before I start
Windows to make sure to avoid any errors that could be cleaned.”
There are certain things that can’t be cleaned up once Windows is running.
So, by running the tool (the tool that runs is ChkDsk), by running ChkDsk
before Windows starts, it’s able to clean up and potentially repair the system
on the hard disk before Windows runs.
Shut down correctly
Now, the single most common cause for this happening, especially if it
happens on a regular basis, is not shutting down the computer properly.
What do I mean by that? I mean that you should always (and only) shut down
your computer by using the Start menu and the Shut Down option.
Sometimes, a Power button on a laptop will initiate that. That’s fine, but if
you’re not sure, use the Start menu and the Shut Down option.
What I often see people doing is holding down the Power button until the
computer shuts off. That is the wrong way to do it and in fact, you are risking
damaging files on your computer’s hard drive.
Improper shutdowns cause problems:
You could actually lose data. You won’t damage the hard drive, but you could
lose data on your hard drive by shutting the system down improperly.
So make sure that you are shutting down properly by using the Start menu and
Shut Down option. Let Windows clean itself up as it shuts down and that should
in most cases, resolve the issue.
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