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Is Online Document Conversion Safe?

Question: Many programs on the internet let you do things such as change a Word document to a PDF by sending it to the cloud and then having it return converted. How safe is this?

The short answer is my most common answer: it depends.

It depends on who is providing the service and how sensitive you feel your documents are.

There are good services and bad services. Fortunately, there are also alternatives.

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Who do you trust?

The very short version is that if it’s a company you’ve never heard of, you might want to do some research before blindly uploading your sensitive documents.

One way to start might be to do a “whois” lookup on the domain on which the service is provided. The service I tend to use is If you were considering using a service provided at, you might look that up first to see who’s behind it.

Whois record


That may be enough to make you feel comfortable, or it may be information to use for additional online research on the company or owner.

If, of course, you recognize the company involved, then no research is needed. You simply need to answer the question, “Do I trust them?”

If the answer is yes, carry on. If the answer is no, you know to look for alternatives.

One example: Google

One service that provides the specific function you asked about is Google. You can upload a Word document to Google Drive and convert it there.

Google Drive Upload

While it’s intended that you can then edit the file using Google Docs, there’s nothing that says you must. You can save the document to any of several different formats, including PDF.

Save As PDF

All this presupposes that you trust Google. If you do not, then perhaps you trust Microsoft, and could considering using Microsoft Office Online, which has the same capabilities.

Save As PDF in Office Online

Do it offline

Another way to protect yourself, should you feel at all uncomfortable with uploading your document, is to look for a solution that runs on your PC instead.

Assuming your convert-to-PDF scenario, there are a couple of options:

  • Microsoft Office installed on your computer includes “Save as PDF”.
  • Free Office alternatives like LibreOffice and OpenOffice can read your Word documents and save as PDF.

Depending on the software you have installed on your system, it’s possible you have additional options as well. Be sure to look for both “Save” and “Export” options in any programs you have that can open a Word document.

Other scenarios

As you can see, Word to PDF is a common scenario with many options available. If you’re faced with some other kind of document conversion, things get more difficult.

Depending on your need, you may have tools on your machine already. Those are likely the safest approach, as they’re least likely to share your documents with others.

You may find online conversion utilities from companies you know and trust, like Google, Microsoft, or someone else. If so, then your problem is solved.

But it’s also possible for more obscure conversions that you’ll find options from companies you’ve never heard of. When that happens, the only advice I can give is to do the research and weigh the risks. In general, my sense is that the risk is very low, but depending on the sensitivity of the documents you need converted, even that may be too much.

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5 comments on “Is Online Document Conversion Safe?”

  1. Unfortunately, the most common file conversion request I get is the other way around, e.g. PDF to some editable format. As PDFs were designed to be a read-only format, often the answer is ‘it depends.’

  2. The easiest option to create a pdf from any document is to use the ‘Print to pdf’ option within the print routines. This is now a standard feature in Windows 10, and there are many free add-ins that will do the job on earlier Windows versions (in 2011 Leo recommended Cute pdf writer, which I used to use). Unless you have specific / specialist formatting requirements then I don’t see a need for ever using online facilities for this. Why trust them when you don’t have to?

    • I’m assuming you didn’t read the article since a) it points this out, b) it mentions specifically that there are many, many other types of conversions for which this is not an option.


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