Term:ISO [ISO image]

An ISO, typically shorthand for ISO image, is an image of the contents of a CD or DVD disc.

ISO files are convenient ways to distribute CD and DVD images for download, as they contain every sector that would be present on the original disc, including the boot sectors. When used to distribute software, such as operating system images, the result is that once the ISO image is actually burned to the corresponding media, it is a bootable disc from which that operating system can be installed.

ISO files are used to distribute more than operating systems, however, and are a common way to distribute anything that would benefit from being provided as a CD or DVD image.

Technically, ISO files are simply archives or collections of files, much like .zip files, though ISOs are not compressed. As a result, their contents can also be examined and extracted using several common archiving tools, such as 7-zip.

ISO (Wikipedia)

International Organization for Standardization
Organisation internationale de normalisation
ISO Logo (Red square).svg
AbbreviationISO
Formation23 February 1947
TypeNon-governmental organization
PurposeInternational standardization
HeadquartersGeneva, Switzerland
Membership
165 members
(39 correspondent and
4 subscriber)
Official languages
President
Eddy Njoroge
Websitewww.iso.org Edit this at Wikidata

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO; /ˈɛs/) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.

Founded on 23 February 1947, the organization develops and publishes worldwide technical, industrial and commercial standards. It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland and works in 165 countries.

It was one of the first organizations granted general consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council.

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