Term:FTP [File Transfer Protocol]
FTP is an acronym for File Transfer Protocol. It is perhaps one of the oldest protocols for transferring data files between computers on the internet.
While FTP has many advantages – ubiquity being one – it has one major disadvantage: FTP is not encrypted. This means that anyone watching the data stream can see the files being transferred, or, perhaps more disturbingly, the log in and password information for connecting to the remote site.
As a result, SFTP is often preferred for security reasons when available.
|Developer(s)||Abhay Bhushan for RFC 959|
|Introduced||April 16, 1971|
|OSI layer||Application layer|
|Port(s)||21 for control, 20 for data transfer|
The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard communication protocol used for the transfer of computer files from a server to a client on a computer network. FTP is built on a client–server model architecture using separate control and data connections between the client and the server. FTP users may authenticate themselves with a clear-text sign-in protocol, normally in the form of a username and password, but can connect anonymously if the server is configured to allow it. For secure transmission that protects the username and password, and encrypts the content, FTP is often secured with SSL/TLS (FTPS) or replaced with SSH File Transfer Protocol (SFTP).
The first FTP client applications were command-line programs developed before operating systems had graphical user interfaces, and are still shipped with most Windows, Unix, and Linux operating systems. Many FTP clients and automation utilities have since been developed for desktops, servers, mobile devices, and hardware, and FTP has been incorporated into productivity applications, such as HTML editors.
In January 2021, support for the FTP protocol was disabled in Google Chrome (as of version 88), and disabled in Firefox (as of version 88.0). In July 2021, Firefox 90 dropped FTP entirely.